How to Stop Alopecia Areata from Spreading

Alopecia areata affects 2% of the population in Canada, causing distress and significantly impacting self-esteem for many. This autoimmune condition can lead to sudden hair loss, starting with small bald patches that may spread over time.  Understanding how to stop alopecia areata from spreading is crucial for managing the condition effectively.

In this blog post, we will explore various strategies, treatments, and lifestyle changes that can help manage and prevent the spread of alopecia areata, providing comprehensive insights into each aspect. Considering alternative, stress-free options such as scalp micropigmentation for alopecia areata could be a great way to avoid worrying about costs, outcomes and possible failures. We guarantee professional assistance, service and pre / post procedure guidance and support. Renata Pruszewski is the leading SMP expert in Canada.

Understanding Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks hair follicles, leading to hair loss. This condition can affect not only the scalp but also other parts of the body, such as the eyebrows and beard. Recognizing the early signs and knowing how to stop alopecia areata from spreading is essential for effective management and treatment.

photo - a man looking down in grief for his hair experiencing hair fall in canada

Causes and Symptoms

Alopecia areata is often triggered by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The primary symptom is sudden hair loss in small, round patches. These patches can vary in size and can appear on different parts of the body. In addition to hair loss, individuals may experience itching and discomfort in the affected areas. Changes in nails, such as dents, white spots, roughness, and splitting, are also common and can serve as early indicators of the condition.

Alopecia Areata and Nails

One key indicator of alopecia areata is changes in the nails. These changes, including pitting and white spots, often precede or accompany hair loss, providing an additional diagnostic tool for identifying the condition.

Types of Alopecia Areata

To know if and how to stop alopecia areata from spreading, you must know the different types of alopecia areata, which can help tailor treatment strategies effectively.

Patchy Alopecia Areata

Patchy alopecia areata is the most common form, characterized by small, coin-sized bald patches on the scalp or other parts of the body. These patches can vary in number and size, and they may join together to form larger bald areas if the condition progresses. 

Treatment Possibility: This type is generally treatable, and many individuals experience regrowth with appropriate treatments such as corticosteroid injections, topical treatments, and lifestyle adjustments.

Scalp Micropigmentation Option: Scalp micropigmentation (SMP) can effectively camouflage the bald patches by creating the appearance of hair follicles. This non-invasive treatment can help blend the patches with existing hair, providing a fuller and more uniform look.

Alopecia Totalis

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Alopecia totalis is a more severe form of alopecia areata that results in complete scalp hair loss. Individuals with alopecia totalis lose all the hair on their scalp, which can be particularly challenging emotionally and socially. 

Treatment Possibility: Treatment is challenging, but not impossible. Some patients respond to aggressive treatments like immunotherapy and JAK inhibitors, although results vary

Scalp Micropigmentation Option: For those with alopecia totalis, scalp micropigmentation at our studio in Oakville can create the illusion of a full head of closely shaved hair. This hair tattoo technique offers a realistic and low-maintenance solution, helping to restore confidence and a sense of normalcy.

Alopecia Universalis

Alopecia universalis is the most extensive form of alopecia areata, leading to the loss of all body hair, including eyebrows, eyelashes, and hair on other parts of the body. This type of alopecia can significantly impact a person’s appearance and quality of life. 

Treatment Possibility: This type is difficult to treat, but there have been some successes with advanced treatments such as systemic immunosuppressants and JAK inhibitors. Regrowth can be unpredictable and varies from person to person.

Scalp Micropigmentation Option: The scalp micropigmentation Toronto procedure can help individuals with alopecia universalis by simulating the appearance of hair on the scalp, eyebrows, and beard. This comprehensive hair tattoo solution can significantly improve the appearance of hair density and facial features, enhancing overall aesthetic appeal.

Diffuse Alopecia Areata

Diffuse alopecia areata causes sudden thinning of hair across the entire scalp, resembling male or female pattern hair loss. Unlike other forms of alopecia areata, it does not result in distinct bald patches but rather an overall thinning of hair density. 

Treatment Possibility: Treatment is often effective, especially if started early. Options include topical minoxidil, corticosteroids, and immunotherapy.

Scalp Micropigmentation Option: For diffuse alopecia areata, scalp micropigmentation Toronto can add the appearance of density by applying pigments throughout the scalp. This hair tattoo technique creates a fuller, thicker before and after scalp micropigmentation look by reducing the contrast between the scalp and hair, giving an overall impression of increased volume.

Ophiasis Alopecia

Ophiasis alopecia primarily affects the sides and lower back of the scalp. This type of alopecia can create a band-like pattern of hair loss, which may be more challenging to treat due to its specific location. 

Treatment Possibility: Treatment can be more challenging due to the unique pattern, but options like topical treatments and corticosteroids can help manage the condition. Results may vary.

Scalp Micropigmentation Option: Scalp micropigmentation Toronto can effectively address the band-like pattern of ophiasis alopecia by replicating hair follicles in the affected areas. This targeted hair tattoo approach can blend the bald bands with the surrounding hair, providing a more uniform and natural appearance.

Temple Alopecia

Temple alopecia specifically affects the temples and can gradually spread to other areas of the scalp. This type of alopecia can be particularly distressing due to its prominent location, impacting the hairline’s overall appearance. 

Treatment Possibility: Temple alopecia is often treatable with corticosteroids and other topical treatments. Early intervention can lead to better outcomes.

Scalp Micropigmentation Option: Scalp micropigmentation can enhance the hairline by meticulously applying pigments to the temple areas. This hair tattoo method restores the natural look of the hairline, making it appear fuller and more symmetrical, which is especially beneficial for those with temple alopecia.

Beard Alopecia

photo - a man on the beach smiling at the camera with a short beard beard alopecia in need of a beard smp

Hair loss in the beard area, known as beard alopecia, can be particularly distressing for men. It affects facial hair, which is often a significant aspect of male identity. 

Treatment Possibility: Beard alopecia is generally treatable with similar methods used for scalp alopecia, such as corticosteroid injections and topical treatments. Regrowth is possible with consistent treatment.

Scalp Micropigmentation Option: Scalp micropigmentation treatment can be used to create the appearance of a fuller beard by applying pigments to the patchy areas. This hair tattoo technique provides a realistic look, enhancing facial hair density and improving overall beard aesthetics. It’s a safer option than a beard transplant.

Understanding these types and their treatment possibilities can significantly help in knowing how to stop alopecia areata from spreading, or to work around your before and after alopecia look and feel. Each type may require a different approach, but early intervention and appropriate treatments can make a substantial difference.

Preventive Measures: How to Stop Alopecia Areata from Spreading

Taking proactive steps can significantly impact the progression of alopecia areata. By implementing specific lifestyle changes and treatments, individuals can manage the condition more effectively and prevent further hair loss.

Lifestyle Changes

Adjusting certain lifestyle habits can help manage alopecia areata and stop its spread.

Things to Avoid When You Have Alopecia Areata

Avoid unnecessary hair or scalp trauma, such as harsh hair treatments or tight hairstyles, which can exacerbate hair loss. Managing stress is crucial, as stress can trigger or worsen the condition. Maintaining a healthy diet rich in essential vitamins and minerals supports overall hair health and can help prevent further hair loss.

Medical Treatments

Various treatments can help stop alopecia areata from spreading and promote hair regrowth. Consulting with a dermatologist can help determine the most suitable treatment options based on individual needs.

Corticosteroid Injections

Corticosteroid injections are highly effective for treating small patches of hair loss. These injections are usually administered every four to eight weeks and can stimulate hair growth significantly. In clinical studies, more than 80% of patients with patchy hair loss experienced at least half of their hair regrow within 12 weeks of treatment.


Minoxidil, also known by the brand name Rogaine, is a topical treatment that can help keep hair growth stimulated. It is applied two to three times daily and is suitable for individuals experiencing mild to moderate hair loss. Minoxidil can be particularly effective for older individuals and those in the early stages of alopecia areata.


Phototherapy, or light therapy, uses specific wavelengths of light to stimulate hair follicles and promote regrowth. This treatment can be effective for some individuals and offers a non-invasive option for managing alopecia areata.

How to Stop Alopecia Areata from Spreading: Additional Treatments and Considerations

In some cases, exploring additional treatments can provide further benefits and help manage alopecia areata more effectively.

Blood Test for Hair Loss

A blood test can help identify underlying conditions contributing to hair loss, such as thyroid issues or vitamin deficiencies. This diagnostic tool can be crucial in developing a comprehensive treatment plan tailored to individual needs.

How to Grow Hair Faster on Bald Spots

While SMP does not stimulate actual hair growth, maintaining a healthy scalp environment can support overall hair health. Using gentle hair care products, avoiding harsh chemicals, and ensuring proper scalp hygiene can help create optimal conditions for hair growth and prevent further hair loss.

Scalp Micropigmentation (SMP) as a Solution

For those struggling with visible hair loss, scalp micropigmentation offers a non-surgical, highly effective solution.

How SMP Works

Scalp micropigmentation involves applying high-quality pigments to the scalp to create the appearance of hair follicles. This technique can effectively hide bald patches and create a fuller hair appearance. The pigments are carefully matched to the individual’s natural hair colour and skin tone, ensuring a seamless and natural look.

Post-Treatment Care

Proper aftercare is essential for maintaining SMP results and ensuring the longevity of the treatment.

Immediate Post-Treatment

After an SMP session, some redness and darker initial pigmentation are expected. These will lighten over time as the scalp heals. Following the aftercare instructions provided by your SMP specialist is crucial for optimal healing and results.

Long-Term Maintenance

photo - how to fix bald spots

Consistent aftercare practices help maintain the vibrancy and natural look of SMP. Using sun protection, such as SPF 30 sunblock, and avoiding harsh scalp treatments will prolong the life of your SMP results.

Professional Support

Our award-winning team provides ongoing support and guidance to help you maintain the best possible results. We offer regular follow-up appointments and are available to answer any questions you may have during the healing process.


In conclusion, understanding how to stop alopecia areata from spreading involves a combination of lifestyle changes, medical treatments, and innovative solutions like scalp micropigmentation. By taking proactive steps and seeking professional guidance, you can effectively manage alopecia areata and improve your quality of life. Contact Renata for your scalp micropigmentation consultation today to explore how SMP can transform your appearance and boost your confidence.

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